How to remove odors instead of hiding behind the most beautiful smells

Usually I do not think of our noses as sensitive chemical sensors, but that's what it is. And the big bucket or the reddish buttons, the sniffers hate us when the bad smells stay close. Luckily, science can help you eradicate this ominous odor.

How the odor works

Despite the usual wisdom that gives all the credit for cannibals snoots, we humans also have amazing sniffers that are very fragile.

Any odor starts as a volatile molecule – meaning it can easily be converted from liquid to natural gas – looking for something to be associated with. When inhaled, you pull these molecules, some of which go to a small piece of tissue called olfactory epithelium. This region contains about six million olfactory sensory neurons. If the muscle scent is at least slightly water soluble and lipophilic (that is, it likes fat), it will adhere to a mild layer of mucus above these neurons by completing a link that tells your brain what it is in the air.

However, for people, not all odors are created equal. We are more likely to catch a scent of biological sources, such as organic matter, because our minds consider them more important. For example, the smell of rain comes from bacteria on the ground that make the rubbish of nature by eating dead matter.

In another strange twist, because our sense of smell shares the same signaling channel with the sense of pain, we have particularly strong reactions to the poor. In other words, something can really smell so bad that it hurts.

That being said, scientists are still studying exactly why we lose our faces in the gym socks, but we follow our noses in the donut shop. At least to some extent, it seems that our reaction to smells is didactic, not instinctive. And with enough exposure, we can easily go "blind" to even the worst smell.

But if the smell comes from the molecules that enter our noses, why do some perfumes quickly dissipate while others are stuck? This comes under concentration.

Take cat pee, a notorious nasal horror. Felines seem to have highly effective kidneys (they can even live with sea water if necessary because their bodies are filtering salt). But it also means that they fill their litter boxes with an extremely dense solution, which includes a large dose of urea, a compound formed when ammonia and carbon dioxide are combined. The powerful mix then comes out of the litter box and attacks our faces.

Another thing that makes the odors remain: The fluids that remove them can easily sink into all surfaces. Porous materials, such as wood and carpet, can keep liquids for months or even years. As long as the ambient conditions allow these volatile compounds to turn to the gases, the dirt will stick.

Now that you know the science of smell, let's apply it to that creepy part of your room.

Strike at source

When you have a bad smell, your first step should be to extract its source from the surface where it is hidden. We have previously discussed how to remove stains from your floors and walls and that much of this advice will also apply to removing odors.

First, a quick review. There are five classes of cleaning agents: surfactants, weak corrosive agents such as vinegar, oxidants, enzyme cleansers and solvents. Surfactant molecules, for example, have a hydrophilic and hydrophobic side, so they can adhere to and remove dirty stains and odors at the same time. Enzyme cleansers, meanwhile, use specially processed enzyme mixtures to attack certain types of stains and dirt that go with them. However, for a smelly contaminant, you will not want to use oxidants such as OxyClean and bleach, which remove stains by hitting chromophores (the parts that absorb and emit light) because they do not affect odor.

In some cases – especially with food leaks and pet accidents – bacteria can feed on the substance and you can blame those small parasites for the emission of the offending odor. With this condition, use a cleanser that disinfects as well. While you're at it, think of an enzyme cleaner that's designed to break this particular stain, such as the Miracle of Nature for the pet and crouching.

If you only deal with the faint odor suggestion or applying the cleaner to a non-porous surface, these tactics will probably get rid of the offending substance. But if the scarce source persists, you may not throw it away from your floors and walls. That being said, you can leave the essence in place, taking a few steps to prevent its scent from blushing your nose.

Neutralize nasal nervousness

If you fail to remove the smelly stuff, you can neutralize them. Sometimes, when you are dealing with a scent that is meager but not dangerous, this tactic can be easier than clearing a stain. Odor compounds are easily linked to other molecules, so some substances will grab the attacking material from the air before it reaches your snowshoe.

For example, take one of the best known odor-elimination agents: Febreeze. It works by trapping aromas in doctrinal cyclodextrin molecules.

In a closed area, try baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate. A bracket was placed behind the refrigerator because it would react to almost nothing, so it is associated with many chemicals that cause sudden reactions. This transforms them from impurities into less reactive salts.

Likewise, white vinegar can decompose your entire home. Simply simmer the clear liquid for one hour, evaporating the acetic acid it contains. Because acetic acid easily attaches to volatile molecules, a light fog will eliminate the odor from your home. And the smell of vinegar does not stick: Remember, he wants to bind something, so we'll get out of the air.

For a real one-two punch, combine white vinegar with baking soda. This makes it foam and you can use the reaction as a deodorant cleaner.

With odors hidden in narrow spaces or between cracks, so-called adsorption agents are applied. Adsorption is the process of pulling a chemical and you can think of these factors as sponges to talk about. For example, activated carbon consists of clean coal treated to give it as much surface as possible. So, it provides a chemical friend who grabs nothing stinky and never lets go. If you can not find activated carbon, cat litter will also make the trick.

Seal or expel it

If the smell remains, and after you have cleaned the floors, the vine has cut off and added enough carbon to create a black spot, then it's time for drastic action. You either have to smell the scent on the surface so that it can not escape or completely remove the odor-filled material.

Sealing can be a choice for floors, benches and outdoor furniture. Look for a clean sealant or primer that is designed to prevent "gas removal" that emits classification gases. These create an impenetrable molecular wall that locks smells inside the material that has already invaded.

However, sealants may not be available for sweetly sour things like books and clothes. If your neutralization attempts fail, you have two choices: Put the smell or crush possession.

The smell should not be part of your life. With a little chemistry and a good old elbow fat, you can be totally free of it.