Russia was unanimously banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) on Monday from participating in international sports for four years over state doping subsidies.
This ban also means that Russia will lose the Tokyo Olympics in 2020, the Winter Olympics and the 2022 Soccer World Cup.
However, athletes who do not participate in the cheating system will be able to participate with a neutral flag.
The WADA board of directors had held a special meeting near the International Olympic Committee's headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland, the New York Times reports.
The verdict comes after the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) declared non-compliance with the handling of laboratory data submitted to investigators in January 2019.
RUSADA has 21 days to appeal the ban, which will be referred to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).
WADA Vice President Linda Helleland said the ban was not enough. "I wanted sanctions that cannot be weakened," he said.
"We owe it to the clean athletes to apply the sanctions as vigorously as possible," said Ms. BBC.
Russia has been banned from competing as a nation in sports since 2015. Earlier in the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, a total of 168 Russian athletes had competed under a neutral flag following Russia's ban after the 2014 Games – hosted by Si. Russian athletes won 33 medals in Sochi, 13 of which were gold.
Despite the ban, Russia will be able to compete with Euro 2020 – which will be hosted by St. Petersburg.