Yemen: The US uses Saudi weakness against Khashoggi to push the war


Officials acknowledged that neither the Yemeni war nor the quarrel with Qatar can be resolved quickly. However, the government hopes to make progress on both fronts by the end of the year, they have said, and has recently stepped up public appeals in Saudi Arabia to alleviate differences.

Defense Minister Jim Mattis and Secretary of State Mike Pombeo called last week for Yemen's civil war participants to agree on a cease-fire "the next 30 days," a request that comes amid new criticisms of US support for Saudi Arabia coalition in the conflict.

"Thirty days from now, we want to see everyone around a peacetime table based on a cease-fire, based on a withdrawal from the border and then on the basis of the cessation of bombs," said Mattis at an event at the American Institute Peace in Washington Tuesday.

Khashoggi was strangled and divided, says Turkish Attorney General

His appeal was later resumed by Pompeo, who issued a statement saying "the United States calls on all parties to support UN Special Envoy Martin Griffith to find a peaceful solution to the Yemeni conflict."

Mattis and Pompeo insisted that the US-backed coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the Iranian military Hout ceased their respective bombs and missiles.

The three-year conflict between the Saudi-led coalition and its enemies backed by Iran destroyed Yemen and killed at least 10,000 people. UN experts say the bombings of the coalition with civilians are potential war crimes and that the country's partial blockade has put 13 million men, women and children at risk of starvation, into what could be the worst famine in 100 years.

Griffiths said the most pressing factor justifying the US call for a ceasefire is the threat of hunger: "The threat of hunger is a very real threat and there is a danger that the numbers of people in Yemen that are at risk of starvation or famine This is the urgent factor here. "

Griffiths said he believed that the US government was seriously addressing this issue, adding: "Secretary Mattis and Pompeo Secretary is this day and night," but he acknowledged that "the challenge now is to turn that appeal into action."

The outbreak of the situation has created increasing pressure on the US to support the alliance it provides in the form of military sales, training and refueling of jets.

Saudi Arabia's late confession that Jamal Hasgogy, a Washington Post journalist and American resident, was murdered by a group that has close ties with Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, has left Tramp's administration – including the president himself – feel victim of Saudi Arabia.

After the initial strong denials, the kingdom has given many explanations. Even after the assertion that Hasaggou was murdered by men near Salaman, Saudi Foreign Minister Foreign Minister Adel al-Zubayer said blaming the Saudis for the deaths of US residents is "hysterical."

Speaking at the International Institute for Strategic Studies of the Manama Dialogue in Bahrain on Saturday, Al-Jubeir said: "This issue has become quite hysterical and people have accused Saudi Arabia with such certainty before the survey is completed. very transparent research, the results of which will be released ".

Mattis and Pompeo are calling for a ceasefire in Yemen within 30 days.

Al-Jumeirah met with Matti on Sunday in Bahrain. The secretary of defense told reporters traveling with him on his plane to Prague that he had discussed Khashoggi's death with the Saudi official. "We talked about it," said Mattis, "you know the same thing we talked about, the need for transparency, full and complete research, complete, complete agreement from FM Jubeir, without any reservations at all, I said we should know what happened. "

Trump and senior advisor Jared Kushner, who is the son of the president, have placed great trust in the powerful crown commander for a comprehensive strategy in the area, despite warnings that the young basilica was not tested and unstable.

While US officials have previously expressed a private dissatisfaction with Muhammad's intervention in the Yemeni war and the kidnapping of Saudi Arabian Prime Minister Saad Hariri, they mostly brought their private complaints while publicly maintaining that the alliance with Saudi Arabia Arabism was necessary to counter Iran's influence.

The trumpet stings

But the Khashoggi murder, and the resulting cover, have difficulties to keep these complaints private.

Trump drowned privately in Saudi Arabia to put him in a state of emergency to defend his decision to cultivate a close relationship with Muhammad and his father, King Salman. He and his advisors agree that imposing some sort of resolution on Yemen is a good way to exploit the bad situation.

The involuntary consequences of the murder of Jamal Khashoggi

The balance of Saudi Arabia with Qatar, which has broken the importance of the Security Alliance in the US, was another thorn on the part of the administration of Tramp.

Asked on Wednesday if he felt betrayed by the Saudis, Trump suggested that they were the leaders of the kingdom betrayed.

"I hope everything works, we have a lot of facts, we have a lot of things we saw," he said. "They have not betrayed, I mean, maybe betrayed, we have to see how everything will happen".

Trump has come to believe in the past few days that American audiences are beginning to catch the Yemeni disaster, even through the powerful images of hungry children in the New York Times.

The Trump government has been criticized by activists and some members of Congress for its support for the Saudi-led coalition to fight Hutu in Yemen and for the recent government's finding that the coalition has done enough to avoid civilians.

The US Army provides Saudi rankings with training to help minimize civilian casualties as well as the supply of military aircraft to the coalition.

Matti said that "the goal now is to achieve a level of ability from those forces fighting against Hutus, that they do not kill innocent people."

"We're fueling less than … I think 20% of their aircraft have their own refreshments," said Mattis.

Congressional pressure

A congressional source told CNN that the Khashoggi murder "put a face" on the wider problem of the US-Saudi relationship and the renewed momentum in Capitol Hill to push for legislation that would leave US involvement in the war in Yemen .

Previous resolutions aimed at ending US involvement in the war in Yemen failed to obtain approval, but several pieces of legislation proposed in recent months have received increased support from lawmakers from both sides of the corridor. Senator Bernie Sanders, an independent vermont, wrote in a recent statement that he plans to bring his resolution to end the US involvement in the "Unauthorized War" in Yemen next month.

"Because of the preferential resolution that will sooner or later be put to the vote and that's definitely something weigh in the administration," a senior CNN counselor said. "I'm sure Mattis and Pompeo know that well."

Democratic Mr. Ro Khanna also cited Pompeo's statement in a press release that protests for his own bipartisan proposal in the House aimed at aligning with the resolution that Sanders is pushing for in the Senate.

"After more than three years of war, thousands of dead, millions on the brink of hunger and growing pressure from Congress, Trump's administration is finally calling for the end of the war that is being conducted in Saudi Arabia in Yemen," Khanna said in a statement. "We have tremendous power for the Saudi-led coalition and we must ask this administration to do its utmost to bring both sides to the peace table and to end the war."

Congressional source also told CNN that attempts to curb US involvement in Yemen and pressure to respond to the Khashoggi murder are related to the fact that both provide evidence of the "recklessness" of the Saudi government and, in particular, of the prince.

CNN Nicole Gaouette, Sarah Sirgany and Mahatir Pasha contributed to the petition.